The demographic shift, the aging world population is being drawn inexorably. In 2030, the number of people aged 65 and over will more than double (nearly one billion people). In France, in 2030 60 and more years old represent 31% of the population, while the less than 20 years old will be only 21%. This will result in a bundle of social, economical and urban issues: imbalance between seniors and active, questioning the sustainability of the welfare system, weakening economic growth, increase of health expenditure.
For the territories, aging will have an impact in terms of housing and services.The aging of the population urges to give some attention to the jobs that enable home support. Which should contribute to a growth of new needs for services to individuals. By 2015, 15 occupations, mainly on services, will gather 50% of the job vacancies. In mind: childminders and home support workers, service and maintenance workers, teachers, administrative staff and officers, orderlies, drivers of vehicles.
Territories that will be able to attract retirees together with entrepreneurs and young professionals will be the winner territories in the coming decades; alongside with the clusters, we must ensure quality residential clusters able to host a crown of dynamic activities that settle populations. Health, and services to dependent populations, falls as a growth area and priority.
Moreover, in terms of services we are witnessing an expansion of the missions and responsibilities of local authorities, a need for decompartmentalization of services and stakeholders, to set health as territorial and urban development policy. Finally, in front of rich developed countries but aging, the increasing migration from poor but young countries will intensify.
Several approaches are conducted in Europe and Asia on the contribution of advanced technologies (ICT, nanotechnology, automation, nutrition engineering, etc.) on health services directed to adults with disabilities and who wish to stay at home, whatever their age or disability. These devices are called to be enriched by the exchange of experience and the partnerships with academic researchers, health networks and industry groups whose work covers the field of health and medical nutrition. This approach is in the frame of an better innovative expression both for health system and urban development.
May the consideration and care of people with diminished autonomy, of the personal caregivers, of the family through technological innovations and suitable places increase the well-being of the general population and make the area more attractive?
What technological innovations - home automation, ICT, telemedicine, modular housing, nutrition, transportation, emergency services, etc.. - will facilitate to keep people loosing their autonomy at home?
The overlapping areas and fields of intervention - health, urban planning, research, innovation, transport, housing - refers to the system of territorial governance, the implementation of inter-institutional relations and between sectors, economic, academic research, vocational training, regional planning ...